Wissenschaftliche Quellen

Physische Aktivität

(1) Stamatakis, E., Gale, J., Bauman, A., Ekelund, U., Hamer, M., & Ding, D. (2019). Sitting Time, Physical Activity, and Risk of Mortality in Adults. Journal of the American College of Cardiology73(16), 2062–2072. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2019.02.031

(2) Katzmarzyk, P. T., Ross, R., Blair, S. N., & Després, J. P. (2020). Should we target increased physical activity or less sedentary behavior in the battle against cardiovascular disease risk development?. Atherosclerosis311, 107–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2020.07.010

(3) Skrede, T., Stavnsbo, M., Aadland, E., Aadland, K. N., Anderssen, S. A., Resaland, G. K., & Ekelund, U. (2017). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, but not sedentary time, predicts changes in cardiometabolic risk factors in 10-y-old children: the Active Smarter Kids Study. The American journal of clinical nutrition105(6), 1391–1398. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.116.150540

(4) Buman, M. P., Winkler, E. A., Kurka, J. M., Hekler, E. B., Baldwin, C. M., Owen, N., Ainsworth, B. E., Healy, G. N., & Gardiner, P. A. (2014). Reallocating time to sleep, sedentary behaviors, or active behaviors: associations with cardiovascular disease risk biomarkers, NHANES 2005-2006. American journal of epidemiology179(3), 323–334. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwt292

(5) Fröberg, A., & Raustorp, A. (2014). Objectively measured sedentary behaviour and cardio-metabolic risk in youth: a review of evidence. European journal of pediatrics173(7), 845–860. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-014-2333-3


(1) Creswell J. D. (2017). Mindfulness Interventions. Annual review of psychology68, 491–516. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-042716-051139

(2) Hilton, L. G., Marshall, N. J., Motala, A., Taylor, S. L., Miake-Lye, I. M., Baxi, S., Shanman, R. M., Solloway, M. R., Beroesand, J. M., & Hempel, S. (2019). Mindfulness meditation for workplace wellness: An evidence map. Work (Reading, Mass.)63(2), 205–218. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-192922

(3) Vella, E., & McIver, S. (2019). Reducing stress and burnout in the public-sector work environment: A mindfulness meditation pilot study. Health promotion journal of Australia : official journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals30(2), 219–227. https://doi.org/10.1002/hpja.192

(4) dos Santos, T. M., Kozasa, E. H., Carmagnani, I. S., Tanaka, L. H., Lacerda, S. S., & Nogueira-Martins, L. A. (2016). Positive Effects of a Stress Reduction Program Based on Mindfulness Meditation in Brazilian Nursing Professionals: Qualitative and Quantitative Evaluation. Explore (New York, N.Y.)12(2), 90–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2015.12.005

(5) Suyi, Y., Meredith, P., & Khan, A. (2017). Effectiveness of Mindfulness Intervention in Reducing Stress and Burnout for Mental Health Professionals in Singapore. Explore (New York, N.Y.)13(5), 319–326. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2017.06.001

(6) Goyal, M., Singh, S., Sibinga, E. M., Gould, N. F., Rowland-Seymour, A., Sharma, R., Berger, Z., Sleicher, D., Maron, D. D., Shihab, H. M., Ranasinghe, P. D., Linn, S., Saha, S., Bass, E. B., & Haythornthwaite, J. A. (2014). Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA internal medicine174(3), 357–368. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.13018

(7) Saeed, S. A., Cunningham, K., & Bloch, R. M. (2019). Depression and Anxiety Disorders: Benefits of Exercise, Yoga, and Meditation. American family physician99(10), 620–627.


(1) Holte, K. A., & Westgaard, R. H. (2002). Daytime trapezius muscle activity and shoulder-neck pain of service workers with work stress and low biomechanical exposure. American journal of industrial medicine41(5), 393–405. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.10039

(2) Westgaard, R. H., Vasseljen, O., & Holte, K. A. (2001). Trapezius muscle activity as a risk indicator for shoulder and neck pain in female service workers with low biomechanical exposure. Ergonomics44(3), 339–353. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140130119649

(3) Westgaard R. H. (1999). Effects of physical and mental stressors on muscle pain. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health25 Suppl 4, 19–24.


(1) Chang, W. D., Lin, H. Y., & Lai, P. T. (2015). Core strength training for patients with chronic low back pain. Journal of physical therapy science27(3), 619–622. https://doi.org/10.1589/jpts.27.619

(2) Coulombe, B. J., Games, K. E., Neil, E. R., & Eberman, L. E. (2017). Core Stability Exercise Versus General Exercise for Chronic Low Back Pain. Journal of athletic training52(1), 71–72. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-51.11.16

(3) Koumantakis, G. A., Watson, P. J., & Oldham, J. A. (2005). Trunk muscle stabilization training plus general exercise versus general exercise only: randomized controlled trial of patients with recurrent low back pain. Physical therapy85(3), 209–225.

(4) Thorstensson, A., & Arvidson, A. (1982). Trunk muscle strength and low back pain. Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine14(2), 69–75.

(5) Kim, M., Kim, M., Oh, S., & Yoon, B. (2018). The Effectiveness of Hollowing and Bracing Strategies With Lumbar Stabilization Exercise in Older Adult Women With Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Quasi-Experimental Study on a Community-based Rehabilitation. Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics41(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2017.06.012


(1) Mellin G. (1988). Correlations of hip mobility with degree of back pain and lumbar spinal mobility in chronic low-back pain patients. Spine13(6), 668–670.

(2) Mellin G. (1990). Decreased joint and spinal mobility associated with low back pain in young adults. Journal of spinal disorders3(3), 238–243.

(3) Norlander, S., Aste-Norlander, U., Nordgren, B., & Sahlstedt, B. (1996). Mobility in the cervico-thoracic motion segment: an indicative factor of musculo-skeletal neck-shoulder pain. Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine28(4), 183–192.

(4) Norlander, S., Gustavsson, B. A., Lindell, J., & Nordgren, B. (1997). Reduced mobility in the cervico-thoracic motion segment–a risk factor for musculoskeletal neck-shoulder pain: a two-year prospective follow-up study. Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine29(3), 167–174.

(5) Norlander, S., & Nordgren, B. (1998). Clinical symptoms related to musculoskeletal neck-shoulder pain and mobility in the cervico-thoracic spine. Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine30(4), 243–251. https://doi.org/10.1080/003655098443995

(6) Hurwitz, E. L., Carragee, E. J., van der Velde, G., Carroll, L. J., Nordin, M., Guzman, J., Peloso, P. M., Holm, L. W., Côté, P., Hogg-Johnson, S., Cassidy, J. D., Haldeman, S., & Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders (2008). Treatment of neck pain: noninvasive interventions: results of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders. Spine33(4 Suppl), S123–S152. https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181644b1d

(7) Mohanty, P. P., & Pattnaik, M. (2017). Effect of stretching of piriformis and iliopsoas in coccydynia. Journal of bodywork and movement therapies21(3), 743–746. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.03.024

(8) Mohanty, P. P., & Pattnaik, M. (2017). Effect of stretching of piriformis and iliopsoas in coccydynia. Journal of bodywork and movement therapies21(3), 743–746. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.03.024

(9) Heneghan, N. R., Baker, G., Thomas, K., Falla, D., & Rushton, A. (2018). What is the effect of prolonged sitting and physical activity on thoracic spine mobility? An observational study of young adults in a UK university setting. BMJ open8(5), e019371. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019371

(10) Ross, A., & Thomas, S. (2010). The health benefits of yoga and exercise: a review of comparison studies. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)16(1), 3–12. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2009.0044

(11) Tekur, P., Nagarathna, R., Chametcha, S., Hankey, A., & Nagendra, H. R. (2012). A comprehensive yoga programs improves pain, anxiety and depression in chronic low back pain patients more than exercise: an RCT. Complementary therapies in medicine20(3), 107–118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2011.12.009


(1) Westcott W. L. (2012). Resistance training is medicine: effects of strength training on health. Current sports medicine reports11(4), 209–216. https://doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0b013e31825dabb8

(2) Maestroni, L., Read, P., Bishop, C., Papadopoulos, K., Suchomel, T. J., Comfort, P., & Turner, A. (2020). The Benefits of Strength Training on Musculoskeletal System Health: Practical Applications for Interdisciplinary Care. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)50(8), 1431–1450. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01309-5

(3) Lewis, R., Gómez Álvarez, C. B., Rayman, M., Lanham-New, S., Woolf, A., & Mobasheri, A. (2019). Strategies for optimising musculoskeletal health in the 21st century. BMC musculoskeletal disorders20(1), 164. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2510-7

(4) Schroeder, E. C., Franke, W. D., Sharp, R. L., & Lee, D. C. (2019). Comparative effectiveness of aerobic, resistance, and combined training on cardiovascular disease risk factors: A randomized controlled trial. PloS one14(1), e0210292. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0210292

(5) Ho, S. S., Dhaliwal, S. S., Hills, A. P., & Pal, S. (2012). The effect of 12 weeks of aerobic, resistance or combination exercise training on cardiovascular risk factors in the overweight and obese in a randomized trial. BMC public health12, 704. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-704

(6) Dietz, P., Hoffmann, S., Lachtermann, E., & Simon, P. (2012). Influence of exclusive resistance training on body composition and cardiovascular risk factors in overweight or obese children: a systematic review. Obesity facts5(4), 546–560. https://doi.org/10.1159/000341560

(7) Dubnov-Raz G. (2019). Harefuah158(8), 506–508.

(8) Bacchi, E., Negri, C., Zanolin, M. E., Milanese, C., Faccioli, N., Trombetta, M., Zoppini, G., Cevese, A., Bonadonna, R. C., Schena, F., Bonora, E., Lanza, M., & Moghetti, P. (2012). Metabolic effects of aerobic training and resistance training in type 2 diabetic subjects: a randomized controlled trial (the RAED2 study). Diabetes care35(4), 676–682. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc11-1655

(9) El-Kotob, R., Ponzano, M., Chaput, J. P., Janssen, I., Kho, M. E., Poitras, V. J., Ross, R., Ross-White, A., Saunders, T. J., & Giangregorio, L. M. (2020). Resistance training and health in adults: an overview of systematic reviews. Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme45(10 (Suppl. 2)), S165–S179. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2020-0245


(1) Mody, G. M., & Brooks, P. M. (2012). Improving musculoskeletal health: global issues. Best practice & research. Clinical rheumatology26(2), 237–249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.berh.2012.03.002